Respiratory disorders

The airways of a horse are extremely important. Oxygen is required for the conversion of energy in the muscles. Oxygen is inhaled and goes to the lungs, where it is released into the blood. Problems with (upper and lower) airways have a direct impact on the performance.

Symptoms

  • Coughing is the most common symptom of a respiratory disorder. It is a sign that something is wrong, and the horse’s body wants to get rid of something. A horse should not cough, even one cough at the start of a training is reason for concern.
  • Nasal discharge. A small amount of clear discharge after a heavy effort in a cold environment is not always a reason to call the vet. But if the amount increases or the color changes, the airways of the horse should be examined.
  • Shortness of breath is usually caused by a narrowing of the airways and by the presence of sputum (mucus) in the bronchi.
  • Poor performance is often the consequence of respiratory problems. Due to the lack of oxygen in the body (especially the muscles) the horse cannot perform optimally.

Make an appointment

If your horse suffers from respiratory problems, contact sportpaardenarts.nl using the form below. Examination can take place at our clinic or at home throughout the Netherlands.

Owner






What is the gender of your horse?

The horse


Color




Desired location of the study

How is the horse housed?

On which bed is the horse housed?

What does the horse get as roughage?


Complaints

What is the main complaint?

Has the horse coughed?



Has the horse had nasal discharge?




Is the horse stuffy (or has it been)?



Has the horse had a fever?

Has treatment been administered to the horse?

Has the horse been vaccinated against influenza?

Has the horse been vaccinated against rhinopneumonia?



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sportpaardenarts-endoscopie

EXAMINATION (DIAGNOSIS)

CLINICAL EXAMINATION

The airway examination starts with an extensive clinical examination of the horse. The general vital parameters will be checked first, then the exam is specifically focused on the airways, from nose to lungs.

ENDOSCOPY

For the endoscopy, a small camera is used to check the airways. The exam provides information about the respiratory tract, including the nostrils, throat, trachea and lungs. The horse’s guttural pouches can also be examined.
Abnormalities in structure or presence of liquid can easily be seen this way.

DYNAMIC ENDOSCOPY

If a noise can be heard during exercise, or if there is a suspicion of an abnormality occurring only during exercise, it may be necessary to perform a dynamic endoscopy.
During this examination, a camera is placed in the throat of the horse and the situation can be viewed during the effort. This is painless.

BAL – BRONCHOALVEOLAR LAVAGE

It may sometimes be necessary to further investigate the airways. By a tracheal and/or bronchoalveolar lavage, it is possible to take samples of the respiratory liquids for further investigation. It is then possible to determine whether there is a virus, a bacterial infection, equine asthma, an allergy or a parasite.
The examination can take place at home but will be continued with the use of a microscope in the clinic. If there are bacteria or viruses, a sample is sent to a laboratory for a culture or a DNA test.

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